Perfluorooctane sulfonate induces autophagy-associated apoptosis through oxidative stress and the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases in renal tubular cells

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is amongst the most considerable natural pollution and is broadly distributed in the setting, wildlife, and people. Its poisonous results and organic hazards are related to its lengthy elimination half-life in people. However, the way it impacts renal tubular cells (RTCs) stays unclear. In this examine, PFOS was noticed to mediate the

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